Historical background of Syria
The actual events of SYRIA can be summarized from the beginnings of agriculture which started round about 12000 years ago, and the first glimmerings of a distinctive “SYRIAN CULTURE” which goes back to the early bronze age, sumerians, Akkadians, Phoenicians, Aramaeans, Egyptians, Hittites, Assyrians, and Persians, all have left steps behind to record their vĺctories and civilizations.
In the wake of Sargon’s campaigns came the Amorites, then the Babylon, Canaanites were another Semitic peoples associated with SYRIA soon after 2000 BC, settled on the coastal strip and their language was probably the first to be written using a system of individual letters rather than words or syllables (cuneiform scripts).
The Aramaic States of SYRIA, however, were extinguished by the resurgent new Assyrian Empire after 900 BC. After the collapse of the Persian Empire, SYRIA had been ruled by Greeks, Romans and Byzantines Empires, then it felt under the ARABS, SYRIA therefore become the center of a new world and the leading torchbearer of civilization, with Damascus as its capital under the Umayyad dynasty of caliphs.
Abbasids, Hamadanids and Ottoman Turkey who also ruled SYRIA in the modern period.
In the beginning of 20th century and at the end of the first world war, the Ottoman Empire had been defeated by the French and British mandates, however the French entered SYRIA in 1920 and terminated in 1945 when SYRIA regained its political independence and Damascus become the capital of SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC